Scientific Name – Oryza sativa
Amount Per 100 grams.
|Total Fat||0.3 g|
|Saturated fat||0.1 g|
|Polyunsaturated fat||0.1 g|
|Monounsaturated fat||0.1 g|
|Total Carbohydrate||28 g|
|Dietary fiber||0.4 g|
IT IS RICH IN NUTRIENTS
Other than its unique taste, the red pericarp of this rice variety has a high content of nutrients. Pericarp is the healthy outer coat of the rice grain. More often than not, polished rice varieties tend to lose this valuable layer when they are ground out to appear shiny and clean. Matta rice or Kerala red rice, however, retains this outer coat for all its natural goodness. With increased quantities of minerals, vitamins, fibre and more, Matta rice goes for gold with its contribution to a healthier diet.
RICE IS A GREAT SOURCE OF ENERGY
Since rice is abundant in carbohydrates, it acts as fuel for the body and aids in the normal functioning of the brain. Carbohydrates are essential to be metabolized by the body and turned into functional, usable energy. The vitamins, minerals, and various organic components increase the functioning and metabolic activity of all your organ systems, which further increases energy levels.
IT IS NATURAL FIBER
Getting the recommended amount of fiber in your diet protects your health because it lowers cholesterol and prevents constipation. Chances are you need to increase your fiber intake. Since most of the grain’s fiber is in the bran, white rice only retains a small amount. One cup of cooked brown rice provides 3.5 grams of fiber, while wild rice has 3 grams. By comparison, you’ll only get 0.6 grams of fiber from 1 cup of cooked white rice. Women should consume 25 grams of fiber daily, while men need 38 grams.
RICE IS CHOLESTEROL FREE
Eating rice is extremely beneficial for your health, simply because it does not contain harmful fats, cholesterol or sodium. It forms an integral part of balanced diet. Any food that can provide nutrients without having any negative impacts on health is a bonus! Low levels of fat, cholesterol, and sodium will also help reduce obesity and the health conditions associated with being overweight. It is one of the most widely used and eaten foods in the world because it can keep people healthy and alive, even in very small quantities.
RICH SOURCE OF MAGNESIUM
About 50 to 80 percent of the grain’s minerals are lost when the bran is removed, reports Kansas State University. Even enriched rice only has 19 milligrams of magnesium in 1 cup. The same portion of brown rice contains four times more. It supplies 84 milligrams, or 21 percent of the daily value. Wild rice has slightly less, but it’s still a good source, with 52 milligrams. Magnesium is essential for producing energy and DNA. It may also help lower blood pressure and reduce levels of triglycerides in your bloodstream.
IT REDUCES RISK OF CERTAIN DISEASES
Consuming whole Matta rice grains can significantly lower your risk of heart disease and certain cancers. Due to the lower content of fat, saturated fat and cholesterol, Matta rice is heart friendly, keeping those important blood vessels clear of clogs and clots.
HELPS IN MANAGEMENT OF BLOOD PRESSURE
Rice is low in sodium, so it is considered one of the best foods for those suffering from high blood pressure and hypertension. Sodium can cause veins and arteries to constrict, increasing the stress and strain on the cardiovascular system as the blood pressure increases. This is also associated with heart conditions like atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes, so avoiding excess sodium is always a good idea.
IT HAS ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES
Whole grains, including brown rice, have recently been shown to be as antioxidant-rich as many fruits and vegetables. Antioxidants are known to function as anti-inflammatories that can help with everything from arthritis to asthma.
IT IS A GREAT SOURCE OF CALCIUM
The higher content of calcium in this rice also makes it healthier than the conventional white rice that most people favour. This white rice has usually lost most of its essential nutrition during the polishing process. Calcium is essential in all ages and stages of life. From playing a vital role in growth during childhood to being a crucial component in muscle health and function, calcium also keeps your bones and teeth strong and healthy. Especially crucial for women post-menopause, Matta rice complements your diet with a good dose of calcium, protecting you from painful and cumbersome diseases such as Osteoporosis and weakened bones.
RICE TAKES CARE OF YOUR SKIN
Medical experts say that powdered rice can be applied topically to cure certain skin ailments. On the Indian subcontinent, rice water is readily prescribed by Ayurvedic practitioners as an effective ointment to cool off inflamed skin surfaces. The phenolic compounds that are found in it, particularly in brown or wild rice, have anti-inflammatory properties, so they are also good for soothing irritation and redness. Whether consumed or topically applied, substance derived from rice tends to relieve a number of skin conditions. The antioxidant capacity also helps delay the appearance of wrinkles and other premature signs of aging that can affect the skin.
IT CONTAINS VITAMIN B-6
Vitamin B-6 fills a variety of roles in your body, from keeping nerves working to metabolizing protein and synthesizing antibodies used by your immune system to fight diseases. It also helps make hemoglobin, which is found in red blood cells and has the job of carrying oxygen throughout your body. As a result, lack of vitamin B-6 in your diet may cause anemia, according to PubMed Health. One cup of cooked brown rice provides 0.28 milligrams of vitamin B-6, or 14 percent of the daily value. Wild rice has almost the same amount with 0.22 milligrams, while enriched white rice only has 0.15 milligrams of vitamin B-6.
SOURCE OF VITAMINS A AND VITAMIN B
Besides magnesium, Matta rice also adds other vitamins and minerals to your diet. Its nutrient-rich coat contains generous amounts of Vitamin A, and some forms of Vitamin B. These are extremely important for maintaining many systems of your body and living healthy.
IT CAN PREVENT CANCER
Whole grain rice like brown rice is rich in insoluble fiber that can protect against many types of cancer. Many scientists and researchers believe that such insoluble fibers are vital for protecting the body against the development and metastasis of cancerous cells. Fiber, specifically is beneficial in defending against colorectal and intestinal cancer. However, besides fiber, it also has natural antioxidants like vitamin C, vitamin-A, phenolic and flavonoid compounds, which also act as or stimulate antioxidants to scour the body for free radicals. Free radicals are byproducts of cellular metabolism that can do serious damage to your organ systems and cause the mutation of healthy cells into cancerous ones. Boosting your antioxidant levels is a great idea, and eating more rice is a wonderful way to do that.
IT HAS ANTI-DIABETIC PROPERTIES
The high fibre content also enhances its anti-diabetic properties, by slowing down the absorption of carbohydrates. This helps control the blood sugar rush that usually accompanies a high-sugar low-fibre meal.
Rice abounds in resistant starch, which reaches the bowels in an undigested form. This type of starch stimulates the growth of useful bacteria that help with normal bowel movements. Also, this insoluble rice is very useful in reducing the effects of conditions like Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), and diarrhea.
RICE CAN ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE
Brown rice is said to contain high levels of nutrients that stimulate the growth and activity of neurotransmitters, subsequently helping to prevent Alzheimer’s disease to a considerable extent. Various species of wild rice have been shown to stimulate neuroprotective enzymes in the brain, which inhibit the effects of free radicals and other dangerous toxins that can cause dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
DECREASE RISK OF DIABETES
Type 2 Diabetes mellitus is one of the most prevalent chronic illnesses today, affecting vast populations across the world, including children. Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes can cause debilitating morbidity in nearly everybody organ system, affecting and impairing the quality of life. Whole grain Matta rice has been shown to reduce the risk and incidence of this dreaded disease in its consumers. Due to its high magnesium and calcium content, especially in its pericarp, Matta rice protects from developing insulin resistance, and enhances optimum glucose uptake, ensuring that you stay healthy and free from disease.
IT HAS DIURETIC AND DIGESTIVE QUALITIES
The husk part of rice is considered to be an effective medicine to treat dysentery, and some people say that a three month old rice plant’s husks are said to have diuretic properties. Chinese people believe that rice considerably increases appetite, cures stomach ailments and reduces all digestive problems. As a diuretic, rice husk can help you lose excess water weight, eliminate toxins from the body like uric acid, and even lose weight, since approximately 4% of urine is actually made up of body fat! The high fiber content also increases bowel movement regularity and protects against various types of cancer, as well as reducing the chances of cardiovascular diseases.
RICE IMPROVES CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH
Rice bran oil is known to have antioxidant properties that promote cardiovascular strength by reducing cholesterol levels in the body. We have already spoken about the cardiovascular benefits of fiber, and low levels of fat and sodium. Wild rice and brown rice varieties are far better than white rice in this category, since the husk of the grain is where much of the nutrients are; the husk is removed in white rice preparation.
RICH IN SELENIUM
Brown rice is rich in selenium which reduces the risk for developing common illnesses such as cancer, heart disease and arthritis.