Scientific Name – Beta vulgaris
Amount Per 100 grams.
|Total Fat||0.2 g|
|Saturated fat||0 g|
|Polyunsaturated fat||0.1 g|
|Monounsaturated fat||0 g|
|Total Carbohydrate||10 g|
|Dietary fiber||2.8 g|
The betaine in beets is a powerful nutrient that protects cells, proteins and enzymes from environmental stress. It also reduces inflammation, protects internal organs, and reduces vascular risk factors.
BLOOD PRESSURE IMPROVES
Beets are rich in nitrates, which the body converts to nitric oxide—a compound that relaxes and dilates blood vessels, turning them into superhighways for your nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood. That means better circulation and possibly lower blood pressure.
Beets taste sweet, but a cup of cooked beet contains only 60 calories and is full of fiber. This is a perfect food for weight management. The sugars in beets are smart carbohydrates since they come in a natural whole food form. Unlike white sugar, the beet calories come with a lot of nutrients and phytochemicals.
HELPS IN DETOXIFICATION
Beetroot is reckoned to be a great purifier. It detoxifies your body by pulling the toxins into the colon from where they can be evacuated. Some studies suggest that beetroot juice might also stimulate red blood cell production and build stamina.
GOOD SOURCE OF POTASSIUM
Potassium is a mineral electrolyte that helps nerves and muscles function properly. If potassium levels get too low, fatigue, weakness, and muscle cramps can occur. Very low potassium may lead to life-threatening abnormal heart rhythms. Beets are rich in potassium. Drinking beetroot juice in moderation can help keep your potassium levels optimal.
IMPROVE HEART HEALTH
Beet fiber helps to reduce cholesterol and triglycerides by increasing the level of HDL cholesterol (“good” cholesterol). Having a high level of triglycerides increases the risk for heart-related problems, so increased HDL is a good line of defense against that. The presence of the nutrient betaine lowers the levels of homocysteine in the body which can also be harmful to the blood vessels. Thus, consumption of beetroot helps to prevent cardiovascular diseases in multiple ways, so conditions like atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes are less likely to develop. The fiber in beets also works to strip excess LDL cholesterol from the walls and help to eliminate it from the body quickly.
HELPS PREVENT CANCER
Beetroot extract might have the potential to prevent cancers of the breast and prostate. This can be attributed to the presence of betanin (a form of betalain) in beetroot. In a study, it was found beetroot ingestion was found to prevent lung and skin cancers. Beetroot juice, when taken along with carrot extract, was found to aid in the treatment of leukemia. Numerous studies have supported the anticancer and chemopreventive properties of beets. In another study, betanin was found to significantly decrease cancer cell proliferation.
If you find yourself dragging through your workouts, you may want to give beet juice a try. In one study, people who drank beet juice just prior to working out were able to push their workouts 16% longer. This valuable benefit of beet juice is most likely due to those naturally occurring nitrates which turn into nitric oxide and reduce the oxygen cost of low-intensity exercise while increasing tolerance to high-intensity exercise.
IMPROVES MENTAL HEALTH
The betalains in beets have been used in certain treatments of depression. It also contains tryptophan, which relaxes the mind and creates a sense of well-being, similar to chocolate.
BETTER BRAIN FUNCTION
Nitric oxide relaxes and dilates your blood vessels, which in turn increases blood flow to the brain—which could bring on better brain function. That’s particularly important as we age, as research finds that our capacity to generate nitric oxide diminishes as we get older, along with our brain’s energy metabolism and neuron activity. So give your brain a boost with beets.
RICH IN ANTIOXIDANTS
Betanin, the pigment which gives beetroot its color, is a potent antioxidant. Along with another class of antioxidants called polyphenols, these are getting more attention in the scientific community. According to the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, antioxidants reduce the oxidation of bad cholesterol, protect the artery walls and guard against heart disease and stroke.
PROVIDES VITAMIN C
Beetroot juice is a good source of vitamin C. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps boost your immune system and protect cells from damaging free radicals. It also supports collagen production, wound healing, and iron absorption.
REDUCE BIRTH DEFECTS
Beets are good for pregnant women since they are a source of B vitamin folate which helps in the development of infant’s spinal column. Deficiency of folate could lead to a variety of conditions called neural tube defects.
GOOD FOR THE LIVER
The presence of calcium, betaine, B vitamins, iron, and antioxidants keeps beets amongst the best liver foods. Beets also thin the bile, allowing it to easily flow through the liver and small intestine – this further enhances liver health. Betaine in beets also helps the liver eliminate toxins. The fiber in beets clears the toxins that have been removed from the liver – making sure they don’t reenter the body. The liver also contains zinc and copper, both of which can protect the liver cells from oxidative stress.
IMPROVE SEXUAL PERFORMANCE
At one time in history, beets were used as a primitive Viagra. Ancient Romans regarded beets as medicine and drank juice and ate whole beets when they wanted to boost their libido. Research has indicated that beets are a rich source of a mineral called boron that is directly linked to the production of sex hormones. In addition, the nitric oxide that is produced in the body when you eat beets increases blood flow and give your sex drive a kick start.
GREAT FOR HAIR CARE
Beetroot is actually one of the best home remedies to fight the flakes and an itchy scalp. You can boil some beets in water and use the concentrated liquid to massage on the scalp. Alternatively, you can mix some beetroot juice, vinegar and ginger juice and apply to the scalp. Keep this for 20 minutes and rinse.
GOOD SOURCE OF FOLATE
Folate is a B vitamin that helps prevent neural tube defects such as spina bifida and anencephaly. It may also decrease your risk of having a premature baby. Beetroot juice is a good source of folate. If you’re of childbearing age, adding folate to your diet can help you get the 600 mcg recommended amount.
The presence of beta-carotene, which is a form of vitamin A, helps to prevent age-related blindness called cataracts as well as a reduction in macular degeneration that commonly occurs as we get older. Vitamin A is considered a powerful antioxidant substance that is involved in many essential activities in the body.
HELPS TREAT ANEMIA
We know the deficiency of iron causes anemia. It has been found that beets are rich in iron, and the absorption of iron is better from beetroot than a few other vegetables. According to a report, beet greens are also rich in iron and can help combat anemia. The folate in beets is also found to fight against anemia.
Beet greens contain vitamin A and carotenoids that can benefit you from inside out. They also contain a decent of lutein, another potent antioxidant. These fight free radicals and can help fight wrinkles.